Micropoecilia is a genus of poeciliids native to fresh and brackish water from the Amazon Basin to Trinidad.

The type species is Micropoecilia parae. Micropoecilia is as a genus is being reviewed and could change

There are currently four recognized species in this genus:

  • Micropoecilia bifurca
  • Micropoecilia branneri
  • Micropoecilia minima
  • Micropoecilia picta