Brachyrhaphis is a genus of poeciliids native to freshwater habitats in Central America. Most are found only in Panama and/or Costa Rica. The exceptions to this are B. holdridgei which is also found in Nicaragua and B. hartwegi is found in Mexico and Guatemala.

The type species for this Genus is Brachyrhaphis rhabdophora

  • Brachyrhaphis cascajalensis
  • Brachyrhaphis episcopi
  • Brachyrhaphis hartwegi
  • Brachyrhaphis hessfeldi
  • Brachyrhaphis holdridgei
  • Brachyrhaphis olomina
  • Brachyrhaphis parismina
  • Brachyrhaphis punctifer
  • Brachyrhaphis rhabdophora
  • Brachyrhaphis roseni
  • Brachyrhaphis roswithae
  • Brachyrhaphis terrabensis